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Climate Change and Fluctuating Water Levels in Lake Victoria, East Africa – April 5th, 2013

1.2S 32.7E

April 5th, 2013 Category: Climate Change, Image of the day, Lakes

Uganda – April 3rd, 2013

Lake Victoria (below) is the second largest fresh water lake in the world and is shared by three East African States: Kenya (6%), Tanzania (52%) and Uganda (42%). The lake has a total length of 3,440 kms and 240 kms wide from East to West and is 1,134 meters above sea level with maximum depth of 82m. Its surface area is 68,870 km2, with a catchment area of 180,950 km2. The lake is generally shallow with maximum depth of 84 meters and mean depth of 40 meters.

Lake Victoria has historically had abundant fish catches; however, these have a positive correlation with the lake’s water level, which has been fluctuating due to climate change and human activities in the region. Catches reduced to between 60% and 70% during the current reduction of water level in Nyanza Gulf. There is increased pressure on land for agricultural use due to population pressure in the country, and increased demand for water related usage for socioeconomic development across the region (click here for more information).

Kampala Near Lake Victoria, Uganda – February 15th, 2012

0.3N 32.5E

February 15th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Uganda- February 3rd, 2012

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image focuses on Lake Victoria, an African Great Lake and the continent’s largest lake by surface area, at 68,800 square kilometres (26,600 sq mi). It is the second largest freshwater lake by surface area in the world. In terms of its volume, Lake Victoria is the world’s eighth largest continental lake, and it contains about 2,750 cubic kilometers (2.2 billion acre-feet) of water.

Visible as a white area near the northern shores is Kampala, the largest city and capital of Uganda. Kampala features a tropical wet and dry climate, however due to city’s higher altitudes, average temperatures are noticeably cooler than what is typically seen in other cities with this type of climate. Another facet of Kampala’s weather is that it features two distinct wet seasons. There is a lengthy rainy season from August through December and another shorter rainy season that begins in February and lasts through June.

Island Districts in Northern Lake Victoria, Uganda – April 30th, 2011

0.3S 32.2E

April 30th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Tanzania - April 15th, 2011

Lake Victoria is Africa’s largest lake by surface area, at 68800 km2. It is shared by Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. Although this thumbnail image focuses on the Ugandan and Kenyan parts of the lake, it can be viewed in its entirety in the full image.

Many islands can be observed in the northern part of the lake. The group to the left are the Ssese Islands, coterminous with the Kalangala district, which does not have territory on mainland Uganda. The largest of the islands is Bugala Island.

East of the Ssese Islands is another group, the Buvuma Islands archipelago. Like the Ssese Islands and Kalangala District, the Buvuma Islands are coterminous with Buvuma District, which also does not have territory on mainland Uganda.

Visible in the upper part of the image is Lake Kyoga, a large shallow lake complex of Uganda. It has an area of about 1,720 km² (664 square miles). The Victoria Nile flows through the lake on its way from Lake Victoria to Lake Albert.

Mwanza Region of Tanzania Along Lake Victoria – December 23rd, 2010

2.5S 32.3E

December 23rd, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Tanzania - December 10th, 2010

This APM image focuses on the Mwanza Region in Tanzania. The neighbouring regions are Kagera to the west, Shinyanga to the south, and Mara to the east. Furthermore, Lake Victoria (dark green) provides the northern border.

Multiple islands and bays can be seen by the jagged shores of the lake. Moving southward, a small area of hills can be observed at the bottom of the image. The Geita Gold Mine, an open pit mine, is located by these hills.

Kampala, Capital of Uganda, on Shores of Lake Victoria – July 31st, 2010

July 31st, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Uganda and Tanzania - August 3rd, 2010

Uganda and Tanzania - August 3rd, 2010

This APM image stretches from the northern to the southern shore of Lake Victoria, one of the African Great Lakes. The lake occupies a shallow depression in the East African Plateau, and is divided between three countries: Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.

Visible along its northern shores as a bright yellow area is Kampala, the largest city and capital of Uganda. Kampala is said to be built on seven hills, and although this is not quite accurate, the city is indeed located at higher altitudes.

In fact, Kampala features a tropical wet and dry climate, however due to city’s higher altitudes, average temperatures are noticeably cooler than what is typically seen in other cities with this type of climate.

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