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Hurricane Sandy (18L) Damage Report; Remnants Still Visible Over Eastern USA – November 1st, 2012

39.2N 80.2W

November 1st, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Tropical Cyclones

Hurricane Sandy (18L) – October 31st, 2012

The remnants of Hurricane Sandy (18L) can be observed over the USA in this image, stretching from the south to the northeast to the midwest. Many states were impacted by the storms.

High winds and waves washed sand onto coastal roads in southeastern Florida. The storm left power outages across the region. North Carolina was spared from major damage through the late evening hours of October 28, though winds, rain, and inland snow could affect the state through October 30. Several highways were flooded, and a state of emergency was declared in 24 western counties due to snow and strong winds.

On October 29, snow was falling in parts of the state of Virginia. Virginia was awarded a federal disaster declaration. At Sandy’s peak, 200,000 customers were without power, and in Northern Virginia where most of the outages occurred 92,000 customers were still without power on 30 October; the local utility intended to restore full service by 1 November.

West Virginia was also declared a federal disaster area, due to abnormally heavy snowfall. In Kentucky, the most impacted area was the Eastern region of the state where as much as eight inches of snow fell as Sandy merged with a cold front.

In Maryland, at least 100 feet of a fishing pier at the beach resort of Ocean City was destroyed. Several bridges were closed, and I-68 in far western Maryland and northern West Virginia closed due to impassable roads from heavy snow. Multiple vehicles are stranded on the interstate and the National Guard was sent out to help. Workers in Howard County, Maryland tried to stop a sewage overflow caused by a power outage October 30. Raw sewage spilled at a rate of 2 million gallons per hour. It was unclear how much sewage had flowed into the Little Patuxent River.

In Delaware, which was also declared a federal disaster area, rainfall at Rehoboth Beach totaled 6.53 inches inches by early afternoon, with nearly 7 inches at Indian River Inlet and more than 4 inches in Dover and Bear. At 4 p.m., Delmarva Power reported on its website that more than 13,900 customers in Delaware and Maryland’s Eastern Shore had lost electric service as high winds brought down trees and power lines. Delaware Route 1 is now closed by flooding from Dewey Beach to Fenwick Island.

In New Jersey, a 50-foot piece of the Atlantic City Boardwalk washed away. Half the city of Hoboken is flooded. In the early morning of October 30, authorities in Bergen County, New Jersey, are evacuating residents after a berm overflowed and flooded several communities. Police Chief of Staff Jeanne Baratta says there are up to 5 feet of water in the streets of Moonachie and Little Ferry.

In Pennsylvania, several bridges and highways were closed, and more than 1.2 million were left without power as a result of the storm. Storm impacts in Upstate New York were much more limited than in New York City; there was some flooding and a few downed trees. Large portions of the Manhattan borough of New York City were without electricity. The East River over flowed its banks, flooding large sections of Lower Manhattan. Battery Park had a water surge of 13.88 ft. Seven subway tunnels under the East River were flooded as of October 30. Sea water flooded the Ground Zero construction site.

Over 385,000 customers in Massachusetts were without power as of the afternoon of October 29, and flooding of roadways and buildings was reported. In New Hampshire, over 200,000 customers were without power as of late Monday, October 29. In Rhode Island, over 100,000 customers lost power during the storm. In Ohio, on October 30, at least 247,000 in northeast Ohio were without power, mostly in the Cleveland area. In Michigan, more than 120,000 customers were without power at one point, but as of 9 p.m. Tuesday, only 45,000 are still without power. The National Weather Service said that waves up to 23 feet high were reported on southern Lake Huron.

Sediments in Lakes Huron, Erie and St. Clair, USA and Canada – January 6th, 2012

42.4N 82.6W

January 6th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

USA and Canada - December 26th, 2011

This image shows two of the five North American Great Lakes: Lake Erie (below) and Lake Huron (above). Between the two is Lake St. Clair, part of the Great Lakes system but not actually considered one of the Great Lakes.

Lake Erie is clouded by tan sediments, concentrated primarily along the shores and in the western section. Lake St. Clair also shows many sediments in its waters, particularly the section portion. Lake Huron is mostly sediment free, particularly in the northern reaches (visible in the full image),  although some can be seen lining the southern shorelines and in Saginaw Bay, to the southwest.

Great Lakes of North America – April 9th, 2011

45.0N 82.4W

April 8th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

USA and Canada - March 30th, 2011

Snow dusts the ground in Canada to the north of the Great Lakes, while the terrain in the USA to the south is less snow-covered but partially obscured by clouds.

Lakes Superior (left, above) and Michigan (left, below), are partially visible, while Lakes Huron (center), Erie (right, below) and Ontario (right, above the former) can be seen in their entirety. Also visible south of Lake Ontario are the thin, parallel Finger Lakes of New York State.

Vegetation Index from James Bay, Canada, to Gulf Coast, USA – October 13th, 2010

44.9N 93.2W

October 13th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Vegetation Index

USA and Canada - August 27th, 2010

This FAPAR image thumbnail shows the vegetation index of North America from James Bay, Canada (upper right quadrant) to three of the Great Lakes (Superior, Michigan and Huron, from left to right), shared by Canada and the USA. The full image stretches all the way south to the Gulf of Mexico.

In the thumbnail, the index becomes gradually stronger as one moves southward: it is lowest near the top (yellow) and highest near the bottom (rusty red). The green circular area with a yellow bullseye center situated in this red area is the city of Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

In the full image, this red area fades out as one moves further southward. While most of the land still shows a good vegetation index (green), the terrain in Texas (lower left) is lower (greenish yellow).

Twin Sault Ste. Marie Cities on St. Marys River, Canada and USA – October 1st, 2010

46.5N 84.3W

October 1st, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Rivers

USA and Canada - September 18th, 2010

This images focuses on the area between Lake Superior (upper left quadrant), Lake Michigan (lower left corner), and Lake Huron (lower right quadrant). Lakes Superior and Huron are connected by the St. Marys River.

The river drains Lake Superior, starting at the end of Whitefish Bay and flowing 120 km (74.5 miles) southeast into Lake Huron, with a fall of 23 feet. For its entire length it is an international border, separating Michigan in the United States from Ontario, Canada.

A large grey area can be observed along the river. The part to the north is the city of Sault Ste. Marie, Canada, while the part to the south is the identically named Sault Ste. Marie, USA. The two cities are joined by the International Bridge, which connects Interstate 75 on the Michigan side and Huron Street on the Ontario side.

Shipping traffic in the Great Lakes system bypasses the Saint Mary’s Rapids via the American Soo Locks, the world’s busiest canal in terms of tonnage that passes through it. This record is achieved in spite of the locks being closed during the winter from January through March, when ice shuts down shipping on the Great Lakes. This image was captured in late summer and is therefore ice-free, although sediments can be observed in the rivers and bays.