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Greater Caucasus Mountains and Mingechevir Reservoir in Azerbaijan – July 16th, 2010

40.7N 47.0E

July 16th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Mountains, Rivers

Azerbaijan - July 5th, 2010

Azerbaijan - July 5th, 2010

This orthorectified image shows part of Azerbaijan, from the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range to the north to the extensive flatlands at the country’s center. Approximately 40% of the country is covered by mountains.

South of the mountains, extending southeastward from the left edge, is the Mingechevir reservoir and hydroelectric power station. The length of the reservoir is 70 km, width from 3 to 18 km, deepest point about 75 meters and total area 605 km².

The city of Mingechevir is visible on the southern coast of the lake. It is split in two by the Kur River, a long, meandering stretch of which is visible in the lower part of the full image. The river has a length of 1,515 km.

Greater Caucasus Range Between Russia and Georgia – May 27th, 2010

42.9N 40.7E

May 27th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Russia and Georgia - April 28th, 2010

Russia and Georgia - April 28th, 2010

The Caucasus is a mountainous region, between the Black Sea (visible in the lower part of the image) and Caspian Sea. Occupying roughly 170,000 sq mi (440,000 sq km), it is divided among Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia and forms part of the traditional dividing line between Europe and Asia.

It is bisected by the Caucasus Mountains; the area north of the Greater Caucasus range is called Ciscaucasia and the region to the south Transcaucasia. Here, part of the Greater Caucasus Range by the border of Russia (above) and Georgia (below) can be observed.

The Greater Caucasus is a major range of the Caucasus Mountains, extending west-east for about 750 miles (1,200 km) from the Taman Peninsula on the Black Sea to the Abşeron Peninsula on the Caspian Sea.

Greater and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in Georgia by Black Sea – June 25th, 2012

42.2N 43.0E

June 25th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Black Sea - December 26th, 2011

Visible near the shores of the Black Sea in this wide-swath ASAR image of the country of Georgia are two large ridges of mountains: the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range (above) forms the northern border of Georgia, while the southern portion of the country is bounded by the Lesser Caucasus Mountains (below). The Greater Caucasus Mountain Range is much higher in elevation than the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, with the highest peaks rising more than 5,000 meters (16,404 ft) above sea level.

Caucasus Mountains and Lakes Van, Urmia and Sevan in Eurasia – August 25th, 2011

41.5N 44.8E

August 25th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Mountains

Caspian Sea - July 26th, 2011

The Caucasus Mountains stretch between the Black Sea (left) and the Caspian Sea (right) in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. The Caucasus Mountains include the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and
the Lesser Caucasus Mountains.

The Greater Caucasus Range extends from the Caucasian Natural Reserve in the vicinity of Sochi on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea, generally trending east-southeast and reaching nearly to Baku on the Caspian Sea, while the Lesser Caucasus runs parallel to the greater range, at a distance averaging about 100 km (62 mi) south.

Visible to the south of the mountains are three lakes arranged in a triangle: Lake Van, in Turkey (left), the reddish Lake Urmia, in Iran (right), and Lake Sevan, in Armenia. Each is the largest lake in its respective country.