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City of Multan on Banks of Swollen Chenab River, Pakistan

30.1N 71.4E

September 12th, 2010 Category: Floods, Image of the day, Rivers

Pakistan - August 29th, 2010

While the thumbnail image focuses on the Chenab River and the city of Multan, the full image shows more of Pakistan and the Indus River. Both rivers appear brown with sediments and wider than normal due to the devastating floods that have been affecting the country since July.

Multan is situated on the east bank of the Chenab River, appearing here as a greyish circular area in the lower left quadrant. It is located more or less in the geographic centre of Pakistan, in the southern part of the Punjab Province. It is also capital of the Multan District. It is located in the southern part of the province.

New Flood Threats in Johi Taluka and Dadu, Pakistan, by Indus River

26.7N 67.7E

September 10th, 2010 Category: Floods, Rivers

Pakistan - September 1st, 2010

A UN spokesman said this week that more than 10 million victims of the floods in Pakistan have been left without shelter for six weeks and called the crisis “one of the worst humanitarian disasters in UN history.”

New flood threats are also appearing, as floodwaters breached an embankment at Johi Taluka on Tuesday, submerging 25 villages and affecting around 20,000 people. Residents of the nearby town of Dadu are also on alert after the floodwaters changed direction and headed towards embankments bordering the town.

Both towns are located near the left bank of the Indus River, which can be seen flowing across the center of this image. While the surrounding valley appears green, the river itself is brown in color due to sediments dredged up by the heavy rainfall. The river also appears much wider than normal, as is to be expected from its flooded banks.

Sediments in Indus River; New Flood Warnings for Pakistan

27.8N 68.3E

September 8th, 2010 Category: Floods, Rivers, Sediments

Pakistan - September 7th, 2010

Fresh flood warnings have been issued in Mehar village, in the Dadu district of Sindh province, Pakistan. The country has been devastated by intense flooding over the last month.

This thumbnail image focuses on a section of the Indus River, appearing tan with sediments and wider than usual due to the floods; the entire stretch of the river in Pakistan can be viewed in the full image.

Over 800,000 Pakistanis are still trapped by floodwaters. More than 17 million people have been affected by the floods, and eight millions of them require immediate life-saving aid.

Pakistani authorities reported that the floods have destroyed or damaged 1.2 million homes. More than one million people are living in tents and at least five million others are in need of emergency shelter.

Vegetation Index of Flood-Stricken Indus River Valley, Pakistan

29.4N 70.3E

September 3rd, 2010 Category: Floods, Rivers

Pakistan - September 1st, 2010

This FAPAR image focuses on the Indus River, which has been causing terrible flooding in Pakistan over the last month. The river and its tributaries appear as thick yellow and grey lines.

More than 17 million people have been affected by the floods, and about 17 million acres of farmland are under water. Amid the crisis, the military has been out front, driving high-profile rescue efforts with some 60,000 Army troops.

Here, the valley surrounding the river is medium to dark green in color, indicating a good vegetation index. Some areas further north, where the monsoon rains most affected the country, are brownish red, indicating a high index. The yellow, white, and bright red areas, on the other hand, show a low to very low index of photosynthetic activity.

Flooding from Swollen Indus River in Pakistan

August 30th, 2010 Category: Floods, Rivers

Pakistan - August 29th, 2010

The swollen Indus River in Pakistan is laden with thick brown sediments, dredged up by heavy monsoon rains. Such monsoon rains in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, lower Punjab and Balochistan regions of Pakistan caused have been causing devastating floods in the country since July 2010.

At one point, approximately one-fifth of Pakistan’s total land area was underwater due to the flooding. Present estimates indicate that over two thousand people have died and over a million homes have been destroyed since the flooding began.

The United Nations estimates that more than twenty million people are injured or homeless as a result of the flooding, exceeding the combined total of individuals affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the 2005 Kashmir earthquake and the 2010 Haiti earthquake. However, the death count in each of those three disasters was significantly higher than the number of people killed so far in the floods.

The Pakistani economy has been harmed by extensive damage to infrastructure and crops. Structural damages are estimated to exceed 4 billion USD, and wheat crop damages are estimated to be over 500 million USD. Officials estimate the total economic impact to be as much as 43 billion USD.

At one point, approximately one-fifth of Pakistan’s total land area was underwater due to the flooding.