Oil Continues to Gush in Gulf of Mexico, Endangering Marine Life29.0N 88.5W
May 11th is the 22nd day of a Gulf of Mexico oil spill that began with an explosion and fire on April 20 on the drilling rig Deepwater Horizon, owned by Transocean Ltd. and leased by BP PLC, which is in charge of cleanup and containment of the environmental disaster. The blast killed 11 workers.
Since then, oil has been pouring into the Gulf from a blown-out undersea well at about 210,000 gallons per day. At least 4 million gallons of oil have spilled since the explosion on the Deepwater Horizon. At that pace, the spill will surpass the 11 million gallons spilled in the Exxon Valdez disaster by Father’s Day.
The spill can be seen in the bottom right corner of the main image thumbnail, taken on May 7th, although it is best viewed by opening the full version due to the slight difference in color between the black oil and the navy blue gulf waters making it difficult to discern. Easier to see is the city of New Orleans to the northwest. However, the spill is easily spotted in the May 8th image details due to sun glint, causing it to appear much lighter than the surrounding waters. These images also show several parallel lines of clouds, an atmospheric phenomenon known as cloud streets, in the skies near the spill.
Top hats and junk shots are on the list of possible next steps to contain the gusher as BP, casting about after a 100-ton containment box failed, settles in for a long fight to stop its uncontrolled oil gusher a mile under the Gulf of Mexico. Engineers at BP PLC were wrestling with a shopping list of ways to plug the well or siphon off the spewing crude, including a smaller containment box, dubbed a top hat, and injecting debris into the well as a stopper, called a junk shot.
Helicopters dropped large sandbags in Louisiana to try to protect the Lafourche Parish marshes from the massive oil slick. The spill began creeping farther west of the Mississippi River last week. About 300, one-ton sandbags were expected to be used as a makeshift boom to protect the coast.
Battered by hurricanes, weakened by erosion and flood-control projects, the sprawling wetlands that nurture Gulf of Mexico marine life and buffer coastal sites from storm surges now face another stern test as a monster oil slick creeps ever closer. About 40 percent of the nation’s coastal wetlands are clumped along southern Louisiana, directly in the path of oil that was still gushing Monday from a ruptured underwater well. Roughly 4 million gallons have escaped in the three weeks since the oil rig explosion, and some is bearing down on the marshes as workers rush to lay protective boom.
BP said Monday the spill has cost it $350 million so far for immediate response, containment efforts, commitments to the Gulf Coast states, as well as settlements and federal costs. The company did not speculate on the final bill, which most analysts expect to run into tens of billions of dollars.
Early finger-pointing began among companies involved in the oil rig explosion on the eve of the first congressional hearings into the accident. A top American executive for BP, Lamar McKay, said a critical safety device known as a blowout-preventer failed catastrophically. Separately, the owner of the rig off Louisiana’s coast said that BP managed it and was responsible for all work conducted at the site. A third company defended work that it performed on the deepwater oil well as “accepted industry practice” prior to last month’s explosion.