Wave Clouds Near Karabogas Bay40.7N 52.8E
Wave clouds can be observed southwest of Karabogas Bay, in Turkmenistan, by the Caspian Sea. Such clouds are created as stable air flows over a raised land feature such as a mountain range. As an air mass travels through the wave, it undergoes repeated uplift and descent. If there is enough moisture in the atmosphere, clouds will form at the cooled crests of these waves. In the descending part of the wave, those clouds will evaporate due to adiabatic heating, leading to the characteristic clouded and clear bands.