Vegetation Index of Ecuador’s Sierra and Amazon Regions1.2S 78.3W
Ecuador has three main geographic regions, plus an insular region in the Pacific Ocean: La Costa (the coast), La Sierra (the highlands) and La Amazonia or El Oriente (the East). The latter two are visible in this FAPAR image.
La Sierra is the high-altitude belt running north-south along the center of the country, its mountainous terrain dominated by the Andes mountain range. La Amazonia comprises the Amazon rainforest areas in the eastern part of the country, accounting for just under half of the country’s total surface area, though populated by less than 5% of the population.
Here, the Amazon region appears bright to dark green, with some dark red areas near the Sierra region, indicating good to high photosynthetic activity. With regards to the biodiversity of the country’s flora, Ecuador has over 16, 000 species of plants.