Climate Change and Rainfall in Ireland53.0N 9.1W
This image focuses on the Republic of Ireland and the country of Northern Ireland (UK). Like much of the planet, Irish weather conditions have undergone significant changes in recent years. Of the fifteen warmest years on record in Ireland, ten of these have occured since 1990. The average temperature has increased by 0.7 ºC during the period 1890-2004. It continues to rise.
There is also a general trend of significant increase of rainfall in Ireland along the north and west coasts, and only slight increases along the east and south coasts. Here, sediments can be seen in the Irish Sea, off the east coast of the country. In some cases, there has even been a decrease in rainfall. Increased rainfall may result in more seasonal flooding.
Rising sea levels are also of concern for Ireland , as waters have been rising by 2 – 4mm each year. If this trend continues, the sea level will have risen to 0.2 – 0.4m by the end of this century. Approximately 60% of the population are living within 10km of the coast. Areas of soft coastline, especially in the east, are under severe threat from erosion and flooding.
These changes, bringing the milder winters and warmer summers we have been experiencing in recent years, may be appreciated, but the impact in some parts of the world has been much more devastating. If climate change continues at such a high rate, Ireland is likely to be affected by the following: air temperature will rise by 1.5-2 degrees by 2080; rainfall will increase in winter and decrease in summer; sea temperatures may rise by 2 degrees by the end of the century, causing intense, agressive storms; flooding and erosion from extreme weather conditions; and altered agricultural practices, especially crop growing, to cope with weather changes (click here for more information).