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Indus River Valley and Rann of Kutch, Pakistan

24.5N 69.4E

February 3rd, 2012 Category: Rivers, Wetlands

Pakistan - January 4th, 2012

Flowing down from the Tibetan plateau of western China, across the country of Pakistan in wide, sweeping curves, is the Indus River. It enters Pakistan via the Northern Areas (Gilgit-Baltistan), flowing through the North in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan, to merge into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi in Sindh, Pakistan. The total length of the river is 3,180 kilometers (1,980 mi) and it is Pakistan’s longest river.

Visible near the mouth of the river, to the east, is the Great Rann of Kutch, a seasonal salt marsh located in the Thar Desert in the Kutch District of Gujarat, India and the Sindh province of Pakistan. It comprises some 30,000 square kilometres (10,000 sq mi) between the Gulf of Kutch and the mouth of the Indus River in southern Pakistan. The area was a vast shallows of the Arabian Sea until continuing geological uplift closed off the connection with the sea, creating a vast lake that has since shrunk but floods seasonally during the monsoon.

City of Multan on Banks of Swollen Chenab River, Pakistan

30.1N 71.4E

September 12th, 2010 Category: Floods, Image of the day, Rivers

Pakistan - August 29th, 2010

While the thumbnail image focuses on the Chenab River and the city of Multan, the full image shows more of Pakistan and the Indus River. Both rivers appear brown with sediments and wider than normal due to the devastating floods that have been affecting the country since July.

Multan is situated on the east bank of the Chenab River, appearing here as a greyish circular area in the lower left quadrant. It is located more or less in the geographic centre of Pakistan, in the southern part of the Punjab Province. It is also capital of the Multan District. It is located in the southern part of the province.

New Flood Threats in Johi Taluka and Dadu, Pakistan, by Indus River

26.7N 67.7E

September 10th, 2010 Category: Floods, Rivers

Pakistan - September 1st, 2010

A UN spokesman said this week that more than 10 million victims of the floods in Pakistan have been left without shelter for six weeks and called the crisis “one of the worst humanitarian disasters in UN history.”

New flood threats are also appearing, as floodwaters breached an embankment at Johi Taluka on Tuesday, submerging 25 villages and affecting around 20,000 people. Residents of the nearby town of Dadu are also on alert after the floodwaters changed direction and headed towards embankments bordering the town.

Both towns are located near the left bank of the Indus River, which can be seen flowing across the center of this image. While the surrounding valley appears green, the river itself is brown in color due to sediments dredged up by the heavy rainfall. The river also appears much wider than normal, as is to be expected from its flooded banks.

Sediments in Indus River; New Flood Warnings for Pakistan

27.8N 68.3E

September 8th, 2010 Category: Floods, Rivers, Sediments

Pakistan - September 7th, 2010

Fresh flood warnings have been issued in Mehar village, in the Dadu district of Sindh province, Pakistan. The country has been devastated by intense flooding over the last month.

This thumbnail image focuses on a section of the Indus River, appearing tan with sediments and wider than usual due to the floods; the entire stretch of the river in Pakistan can be viewed in the full image.

Over 800,000 Pakistanis are still trapped by floodwaters. More than 17 million people have been affected by the floods, and eight millions of them require immediate life-saving aid.

Pakistani authorities reported that the floods have destroyed or damaged 1.2 million homes. More than one million people are living in tents and at least five million others are in need of emergency shelter.

Vegetation Index of Flood-Stricken Indus River Valley, Pakistan

29.4N 70.3E

September 3rd, 2010 Category: Floods, Rivers

Pakistan - September 1st, 2010

This FAPAR image focuses on the Indus River, which has been causing terrible flooding in Pakistan over the last month. The river and its tributaries appear as thick yellow and grey lines.

More than 17 million people have been affected by the floods, and about 17 million acres of farmland are under water. Amid the crisis, the military has been out front, driving high-profile rescue efforts with some 60,000 Army troops.

Here, the valley surrounding the river is medium to dark green in color, indicating a good vegetation index. Some areas further north, where the monsoon rains most affected the country, are brownish red, indicating a high index. The yellow, white, and bright red areas, on the other hand, show a low to very low index of photosynthetic activity.