Earth Snapshot RSS Feed Twitter
 
 
 
 

Search Results for "istanbul":

Istanbul in Turkey’s Marmara Region – April 19th, 2012

41.0N 28.9E

April 19th, 2012 Category: Image of the day

Turkey - January 2nd, 2012

This wide-swath ASAR image shows Turkey’s Marmara Region, so-named for the Sea of Marmara (below). The city of Istanbul can be observed near the image center, situated on both sides of the Bosphorus Strait; its most populated areas appear bright white. The strait connects the Sea of Marmara to the Black Sea (above). Much of the terrain of the Marmara Region consists of rolling plateau country well suited to agriculture.

The Bosphorus, Istanbul and Mountainous Terrain of Turkey – February 21st, 2012

41.0N 28.9E

February 21st, 2012 Category: Mountains

Turkey - February 9th, 2012

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image shows the city of Istanbul, Turkey, straddling the Bosphorus. The world’s narrowest strait used for international navigation, it connects the Black Sea (top right) with the Sea of Marmara (top center).

Istanbul is the largest city of Turkey. The Istanbul metropolitan province (municipality) had 13.26 million people living in it as of December, 2010, which is 18% of Turkey’s population and the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Europe (including the Asian side of the city), after London and Moscow. The city is located in northwestern Turkey within the Marmara Region on a total area of 5,343 square kilometers (2,063 sq mi).

Turkey is divided into seven census regions: Marmara, Aegean, Black Sea, Central Anatolia, Eastern Anatolia, Southeastern Anatolia and the Mediterranean. The uneven north Anatolian terrain running along the Black Sea resembles a long, narrow belt. This region comprises approximately one-sixth of Turkey’s total land area. As a general trend, the inland Anatolian plateau becomes increasingly rugged as it progresses eastward. Turkey’s varied landscapes are the product of complex earth movements that have shaped the region over thousands of years and still manifest themselves in fairly frequent earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions. The Bosphorus and the Dardanelles owe their existence to the fault lines running through Turkey that led to the creation of the Black Sea.

Istanbul on Either Side of Bosphorus Strait, Turkey – July 15th, 2011

41.0N 28.9E

July 15th, 2011 Category: Image of the day

Black Sea - July 12th, 2011

Visible in the center of this image is the Bosphorus, a strait in Turkey that forms part of the boundary between Europe and Asia. The world’s narrowest strait used for international navigation, it connects the Black Sea with the Sea of Marmara (which is connected by the Dardanelles to the Aegean Sea, and thereby to the Mediterranean Sea).

In the full image, the city of Istanbul can be observed on either side of the strait, despite the light cloud cover. Since it extends both on the European (Thrace) and on the Asian (Anatolia) sides of the Bosphorus, and is thereby the only metropolis in the world that is situated on two continents.

Three Main Lakes Within Istanbul Province, Turkey – December 8th, 2010

41.1N 28.6E

December 8th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Turkey - December 6th, 2010

This orthorectified image shows part of Istanbul, on the west side of the Bosphorus Strait. Several lakes can be observed nearby; these are the three main lakes within Istanbul province: Terkos (top), Küçükçekmece (bottom, right), and Büyükçekmece (bottom, left).

These mid-sized lakes were formed when the valleys were flooded by water many centuries ago. Terkos was cut off from the sea therefore it has fresh water, but Küçükçekmece and Büyükçekmece are still connected to the sea therefore have a slightly salty waters.

Terkos Lake, also known as Duru Gol and Derkos Golu, is located 50 kilometers to the north of Istanbul on the Black Sea coast. It has an area of 25 square kilometers and is surrounded by small forests. The lake is fed by Istiranca river so its waters are fresh.

Küçükçekmece Lake is located 20 kilometers west of the city center on the shores of the Sea of Marmara, and has an area of 16 square kilometers. It’s fed by Sazlidere, Hadimkoy and Nakkasdere streams and is connected to the sea by a small channel under the breakwater.

Büyükçekmece Lake is located 35 kilometers to the southwest of Istanbul city center in the Mimar Sinan neighborhood, near Beylikduzu district next to the Sea of Marmara. The lake has an area of 12 square kilometers with shallow waters (deepest section is about 6 meters), fed by Karasu stream.

Istanbul, the Bosphorus and Rugged Anatolian Terrain of Turkey

41.0N 28.9E

January 16th, 2010 Category: Snapshots

Turkey - December 31st, 2009

Turkey - December 31st, 2009

The whitish surface of the city of Istanbul, Turkey, is divided in two by the Bosphorus Strait. Upon opening the full version of this orthorectified image, ships can be seen north of the strait, in the Black Sea, and to the south, in the Sea of Marmara. Another body of water, Lake Iznik, is visible in the lower right quadrant.

The uneven north Anatolian terrain running along the Black Sea resembles a long, narrow belt. This region comprises approximately one-sixth of Turkey’s total land area. As a general trend, the inland Anatolian plateau becomes increasingly rugged as it progresses eastward.

Turkey’s varied landscapes are the product of complex earth movements that have shaped the region over thousands of years and still manifest themselves in fairly frequent earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions. The Bosporus and the Dardanelles owe their existence to the fault lines running through Turkey that led to the creation of the Black Sea. There is an earthquake fault line across the north of the country from west to east, which caused a major earthquake in 1999.