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Topography of Haiti, in Western Hispaniola – March 4th, 2012

19.0N 72.6W

March 4th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Haiti - December 23rd, 2011

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image shows Haiti, on the western part of Hispaniola, the second largest island in the Greater Antilles. Haiti’s terrain consists mainly of rugged mountains interspersed with small coastal plains and river valleys.

The northern region consists of the Massif du Nord (Northern Massif) and the Plaine du Nord (Northern Plain). The Massif du Nord is an extension of the Cordillera Central in the Dominican Republic. It begins at Haiti’s eastern border, north of the Guayamouc River, and extends to the northwest through the northern peninsula. The lowlands of the Plaine du Nord lie along the northern border with the Dominican Republic, between the Massif du Nord and the North Atlantic Ocean.

The central region consists of two plains and two sets of mountain ranges. The Plateau Central (Central Plateau) extends along both sides of the Guayamouc River, south of the Massif du Nord. It runs from the southeast to the northwest. To the southwest of the Plateau Central are the Montagnes Noires, whose most northwestern part merges with the Massif du Nord. Its westernmost point is known as Cap Carcasse.

The southern region consists of the Plaine du Cul-de-Sac (the southeast) and the mountainous southern peninsula (also known as the Tiburon Peninsula). The Plaine du Cul-de-Sac is a natural depression that harbors the country’s saline lakes, such as Trou Caïman and Haiti’s largest lake, Lac Azuéi. The Chaîne de la Selle mountain range – an extension of the southern mountain chain of the Dominican Republic (the Sierra de Baoruco) – extends from the Massif de la Selle in the east to the Massif de la Hotte in the west. This mountain range harbors Pic la Selle, the highest point in Haiti at 2,680 metres (8,793 ft).

Étang Saumâtre and Lake Enriquillo, Haiti and Dominican Republic

18.5N 71.9W

February 21st, 2012 Category: Lakes

Haiti - January 2nd, 2012

This image shows the landscape of Hispaniola, a Caribbean island shared by Haiti (west) and the Dominican Republic (east). Visible by the left edge is the Gulf of Gonâve, a large gulf along the western coast of Haiti. Haiti’s capital city, Port-au-Prince, is located on the coast of the gulf. Several islands are located in the gulf, the largest being Gonâve Island, followed by the much smaller Cayemites.

Visible inland on the main island, southeast of the eastern tip of Gonâve Island, are Étang Saumâtre and Lake Enriquillo. The former is a brackish pond that is the largest lake in Haiti and the second largest lake in Hispaniola, after Lake Enriquillo. It supports over 100 species of waterfowl, flamingos and American crocodiles, one of the few lakes of its type in the world to harbour such fauna. The colour of the lake is an intense shade of blue. 

Lake Enriquillo is a lake in the Dominican Republic and is the largest lake and lowest point in the Caribbean and the lowest point on any ocean island. It is located in a rift valley formed by the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault that extends 79 miles (127 km) from Port-au-Prince Bay in Haiti in the west, to near Neiba Bay in the Dominican Republic in the east (this small bay appears bright turquoise here). This fault was responsible for the catastrophic 2010 Haiti earthquake .

Mountainous Topography of Haiti – December 2nd, 2011

19.0N 72.4W

December 2nd, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Haiti - November 23rd, 2011

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image offers an impressive view of the topography of Haiti, a Caribbean country occupying the western portion of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago, which it shares with the Dominican Republic.

Haiti’s terrain consists mainly of rugged mountains interspersed with small coastal plains and river valleys. The northern region consists of the Massif du Nord (Northern Massif) and the Plaine du Nord (Northern Plain). The Massif du Nord is an extension of the Cordillera Central in the Dominican Republic. It begins at Haiti’s eastern border, north of the Guayamouc River, and extends to the northwest through the northern peninsula. The lowlands of the Plaine du Nord lie along the northern border with the Dominican Republic, between the Massif du Nord and the North Atlantic Ocean.

The central region consists of two plains and two sets of mountain ranges. The Plateau Central (Central Plateau) extends along both sides of the Guayamouc River, south of the Massif du Nord. It runs from the southeast to the northwest. To the southwest of the Plateau Central are the Montagnes Noires, whose most northwestern part merges with the Massif du Nord. Its westernmost point is known as Cap Carcasse.

The southern region consists of the Plaine du Cul-de-Sac (the southeast) and the mountainous southern peninsula (also known as the Tiburon Peninsula). The Plaine du Cul-de-Sac is a natural depression that harbors the country’s saline lakes, such as Trou Caïman and Haiti’s largest lake, Lac Azuéi. The Chaîne de la Selle mountain range – an extension of the southern mountain chain of the Dominican Republic (the Sierra de Baoruco) – extends from the Massif de la Selle in the east to the Massif de la Hotte in the west. This mountain range harbors Pic la Selle, the highest point in Haiti at 2,680 metres (8,793 ft).

Vegetation Index of Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, and Neighboring Islands

18.1N 77.3W

November 15th, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica and Neighboring Islands- November 14th, 2011

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of central to eastern Cuba (left), Jamaica (lower center), Haiti (lower right), the Bahamas (upper left) and the Turks and Caicos islands (center right).

The vegetation index generally ranges from good (green) to high (rusty red) throughout the image, with a few small areas of low activity (yellow), mainly in the Bahamas. The index appears higher in Cuba and Jamaica than in Haiti.

Vegetation Index of Haiti, Cuba and Nearby Islands

19.8N 74.2W

July 13th, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

Haiti and Cuba - July 12th, 2011

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of eastern Cuba (left) and Hispaniola (right), including Haiti (west) and the Dominican Republic (east). In the upper part of the image are some islands of the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos (north of Haiti).

The index of photosynthetic activity is generally good (green), with areas of high activity (rusty red) along the southeastern coast of Cuba and scattered across Hispaniola.

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