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Dust Blowing Off Coasts of Djibouti and Yemen

12.3N 43.1E

August 26th, 2012 Category: Dust Storms

Red Sea – August 23rd, 2012

Dust blows over the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, which are connected by the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait. The dust appears to be funnelled through the strait, with two thicker plumes blowing diagonally to the southeast off the coast of Djibouti (below) and Yemen (above).

Dust Blowing Offshore by Djibouti-Somalia Border

11.5N 42.5E

July 2nd, 2012 Category: Dust Storms

Red Sea and Gulf of Aden – June 28th, 2012

The skies over the Red Sea (upper left) and the Gulf of Aden (right), as well as the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait, which connects the two, are veiled by dust. However, a thicker plume is also visible blowing offshore by the border between Djibouti (left) and Somalia (right). The plume appears composed of three main parallel streaks of dust, caused by air currents. While the plume blows to the northeast, over the Gulf of Aden, it does not reach across the gulf to Yemen, on the Arabian Peninsula (upper right).

Cloud Streets Over Somalia and Sediments Near Djibouti

11.3N 43.4E

January 27th, 2010 Category: Clouds

Somalia - January 6th, 2010

Somalia - January 6th, 2010

Upon opening the full version of this image of Somalia, it can be observed that the clouds partially veiling parts of the country are organized in parallel lines, a phenomenon known as cloud streets. Clouds also hug the peaks of the Surud Mountain Range near the northern coast, in the Maakhir region. Mount Shimbiris, the highest peak in Somalia, sits at an altitude of 2450 meters above sea level in this range.

Also visible near the coast in the full image is an outflow of sediments near the Djibouti border (upper left quadrant). These sediments are located near Zeila, a port city on the Gulf of Aden coast, situated in the Awdal region of Somalia. Zeila is surrounded on three sides by the sea. Landward, the country is unbroken desert for some fifty miles. It is known for its offshore islands, coral reef and mangroves.

Volcanoes and Volcanic Fields in Eritrea and Djibouti – July 12th, 2009

12.5N 42.5E

July 12th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Volcanoes

Djibouti and Eritrea - July 2nd, 2009

Djibouti and Eritrea - July 2nd, 2009

The prominent features of this orthorectified ASAR (radar) image of Eritrea and Djibouti include the Mousa Ali Volcano and the Gufa Volcano volcanic field (both in bottom left quadrant) and the Asseb Volcano volcanic field (top right quadrant).

The Mousa Ali Volcano is a stratovolcano located in the Southern Red Sea region on the borders of Eritrea and Djibouti. At 2,028 m (6,654 ft), the volcano is the highest point in Djibouti.

The volcano’s summit is truncated by a caldera, which contains rhyolitic lava domes and lava flows. The last known eruption occurred during the Holocene era.

Northeast of this large volcano is the Gufa Volcano, a volcanic field located in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea near the border with Ethiopia. The peak elevation is 600m, where lava flows are visible. The last eruption of the volcano was inferred to be during the holocene era.

The Asseb Volcano is a volcanic field located in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea. Its peak elevation is 987 m. Like the Mousa Ali Volcano, the most recently identified eruption occurred during the Holocene era.

Landscape of Djibouti

11.5N 43.1E

July 3rd, 2009 Category: Lakes, Volcanoes

Djibouti and Eritrea - July 2nd, 2009

Djibouti and Eritrea - July 2nd, 2009

The landscape of Djibouti, a country in the Horn of Africa, can be seen in detail in this orthorectified ASAR (radar) image. Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden.

The bodies of water visible here on the right are Lake Ghoubet and the Gulf of Tadjoura, which provides the entrance to the Red Sea. Most of its coastline is the territory of Djibouti, except for a short stretch on the southern shore which is part of the territory of Somalia.

Djibouti’s size is just over 23,000 square kilometres (8,900 sq mi), and it has 314 km (195 mi) of coastline. Its climate is mostly warm, dry desert.

The country’s landscape is mainly a stony desert, with scattered plateaus and highlands. Mountains in the center of the country separate a coastal plain and a plateau. Two volcanoes are visible in the upper left quadrant, one in Djibouti, the other to the left just over the Ethiopia border.