The Danish coastline measures 4605 km, bordering the Baltic Sea in the east and the North Sea in the west. Along the western coast, the country consists of a large peninsula, Jutland. Denmark is known for its many islands as Zealand and Lolland as well as its hundreds of minor islands often referred to as the Danish Archipelago.
The main climate change risks for the coastal zones of Denmark are likely to come from increased rainfall and flash storms. Also, the loss of eco-systems or wetlands due to climate change deserves attention.
The main populated areas of Denmark vulnerable to coastal flooding and erosion are the municipalities of Lolland and Greve situated along the Baltic Sea as well as the west coast of Jutland which is exposed to the North Sea.
Salt marshes and dunes are commonly found along the Danish coastline, especially along the west coast of Jutland. The areas constitute important natural habitats for a large number of plant and animal species (click here for more information).