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Sivash Sea on Isthmus of Perekop, Crimea, Ukraine

44.9N 34.1E

December 8th, 2011 Category: Lakes

Ukraine - November 25th, 2011

Crimea, is a sub-national unit, an autonomous republic, of Ukraine. It is located on the northern coast of the Black Sea (blue, below) and on the western coast of the Sea of Azov (green, upper right), on the Crimean Peninsula, bordering Kherson Oblast from the North. Crimea’s total land area is 26,100 km2 (10,077 sq mi).

Crimea is connected to the mainland by the 5–7 kilometres (3.1–4.3 mi) wide Isthmus of Perekop. However, it is almost cut off from the mainland by the Sivash Sea, actually a large system of shallow, silty lagoons. Here, the lagoons show varied, bright colors, ranging from lime green to electric blue to pink.

At the eastern tip of Crimea is the Kerch Peninsula, which is directly opposite the Taman Peninsula on the Russian mainland. Between the Kerch and Taman peninsulas, lies the 3–13 kilometres (1.9–8.1 mi) wide Strait of Kerch, which connects the waters of the Black Sea with the Sea of Azov.

The Crimean coastline is broken by several bays and harbors. The southeast coast is flanked at a distance of 8–12 kilometres (5.0–7.5 mi) from the sea by a parallel range of mountains, the Crimean Mountains. These mountains are backed by secondary parallel ranges. Seventy-five percent of the remaining area of Crimea consists of semiarid prairie lands, a southward continuation of the Pontic steppes, which slope gently to the northwest from the foot of the Crimean Mountains.

Europe, from the Carpathians to Crimea to Greece and Turkey – September 25th, 2011

41.4N 27.3E

September 25th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Mountains

Greece - September 1st, 2011

This image stretches from the Black Sea (upper right quadrant) to the Sea of Marmara (center), to the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas (below). Visible in the upper right corner is part of the Crimean Peninsula, in Ukraine.

The upper left quadrant includes the Carpathian Mountains, snaking across Romania and neighboring countries in an inverted S-shape. Visible below are Greece (left) and Turkey (right) and the numerous islands between them.

Caucasus Mountains to Crimean Peninsula: a Look at the Land North of the Black Sea

45.3N 36.6E

August 20th, 2010 Category: Rivers

Black Sea - July 17th, 2010

The peaks of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range are white with snow, while their lower slopes appear dark green. Following the range to its western extreme, the Black Sea can be observed.

By continuing along the sea’s coastline in a westwardly direction, one comes to the Strait of Kerch, which connects the Black Sea  (below) and the Sea of Azov (above), separating the Kerch Peninsula (left) from the Taman Peninsula (right).

Some green sediments can be seen in the Sea of Azov, many of which come from the Don River. The rivermouth can be observed at the northeastern extremity of the sea,  an area known as Taganrog Bay.

On the west side of the Strait of Kerch lies the Crimean Peninsula. It is connected to mainland Ukraine by the Isthmus of Perekop. Several green and tan bodies of water can be seen across the isthmus in the full image; these are the salty, marshy inlets of the Sivash Sea.

The Sea of Azov and the Crimean Peninsula – April 13th, 2009

April 13th, 2009 Category: Image of the day

Sea of Azov and Crimea - April 5th, 2009

Sea of Azov and Crimea - April 5th, 2009

The Sea of Azov is the world’s shallowest sea, linked by the Strait of Kerch to the Black Sea to the south. It is bounded on the north by Ukraine, on the east by Russia and on the west by the Crimean peninsula.

The sea is 340 kilometres (210 mi) long and 135 kilometres (84 mi) wide and has an area of 37,555 square kilometres (14,500 sq mi).

The main rivers flowing into it are the Don and Kuban; they ensure that the waters of the sea have comparatively low salinity and are almost fresh in places, and also bring in huge volumes of silt. Here, such silt appears greenish yellow and is particularly intense along the northern shores.

To the west also lie the 110 kilometres (68 mi) long Arabat Spit and the highly saline marshy inlets of the Sivash Sea on the border of the Crimean Peninsula.

The Sea of Azov is the shallowest sea in the world with an average depth of 13 metres (43 ft) and maximum depth of 15.3 metres (50 ft); where silt has built up, such as the Gulf of Taganrog, the average depth is less than 1 metre (3 ft).

The Sivash Sea, Ukraine and Crimea

February 20th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

The Sivash Sea, Ukraine and Crimea - February 19th, 2009

The Sivash Sea, Ukraine and Crimea - February 19th, 2009

Parts of Ukraine (above) and the Crimean Peninsula (below) are visible here, dotted by fields. These two landmasses are connected by the Isthmus of Perekop, with a width of 5–7 kilometers (3–4 miles), left.

Some interesting wavelike cloud patterns can be observed over Ukraine.

To the West we can see the Bay of Karkinit in the Black Sea, while the Sea of Azov is visible to the East. An algal bloom is present in both bodies of water, though it is more dense in the Sea of Azov.

These two seas are connected by the Sivash Sea, also known as the Putrid Sea. It is a salt lagoon, about 1,000 sq mi (2,590 sq km), extending along the northeastern coast of Crimea. Its shallow waters have a strong content of sediments, salt and algae, turning them a greenish-tan color.

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