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São Paulo on Plateau Within Serra do Mar Mountains – July 1st, 2012

23.5S 46.6W

July 1st, 2012 Category: Image of the day

Brazil – January 4th, 2012

The large, greyish tan area sprawling across the surrounding green terrain is São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, the largest city in the southern hemisphere and Americas, and the world’s seventh largest city by population. São Paulo is located in Southeastern Brazil, on a plateau located within the Serra do Mar, itself a component of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands, with an average elevation of around 799 metres (2,621 ft) above sea level, although being at a distance of only about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean. Sediments can be seen by the coastline, as can the large islands of Ilhabela (center) and Ilha Grande (right edge).

Vegetation Index Around São Paulo, Brazil

23.5S 46.6W

February 16th, 2012 Category: Vegetation Index

Brazil - January 4th, 2012

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of southeastern Brazil. Visible near the image center is the city of São Paulo, the largest city in the southern hemisphere, and the world’s seventh largest city by population. The metropolis is anchor to the São Paulo metropolitan area, ranked as the second most populous metropolitan area in the Americas and among the five largest metropolitan areas on the planet. Here, this area appears bright yellow due to its poor vegetation index.

The rest of the image shows a generally good (green) to high (rusty red) index. particularly along the coastline southwest of São Paulo. Some areas of low activity can be seen dotted across the image; these are probably indicative of the presence of towns.

São Paulo, Largest City in Brazil – December 26th, 2011

23.5S 46.6W

December 26th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Mountains

Brazil - December 24th, 2011

This FAPAR image focuses on the city of São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil. Also visible further up the coast in the full image is the city of Rio de Janeiro on the shores of Guanabara Bay.

São Paulo is located in Southeastern Brazil, in southeastern São Paulo State, approximately halfway between Curitiba and Rio de Janeiro. The city is located on a plateau located within the Serra do Mar (Portuguese for “Sea Range”), itself a component of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands, with an average elevation of around 799 metres (2,621 ft) above sea level, although being at a distance of only about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean. Rolling terrain prevails within the urbanized areas of São Paulo except in the northern area of the city, where the Serra da Cantareira Range boasts higher elevations and a sizable remnant of the Atlantic Rain Forest.

There are no large natural lakes in the region, but the Billings and Guarapiranga reservoirs in the southern outskirts of the city are used for power generation, water storage, and leisure activities. The original flora consisted mainly of a great variety of broadleaf evergreens. Today, non-native species are common, as the mild climate and abundant rainfall permit a multitude of tropical, subtropical and temperate plants to be cultivated, with eucalyptus being especially ubiquitous.

Vegetation Index of Coastal Brazil Near Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo

23.5S 46.6W

December 25th, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

Brazil - December 24th, 2011

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of southeastern Brazil. Visible along the coast are the cities of Rio de Janeiro, appearing as a bright yellow area on the shores of Guanabara Bay, and São Paulo, a large yellow area slightly inland from the coast in the lower left quadrant.

The vegetation index is mostly good (green) throughout the image. Some areas of high photosynthetic activity (rusty red) can be observed scattered throughout, with a larger concentration southwest of São Paulo.

Coast of São Paulo State, from Santos to Ilhabela, Brazil

23.7S 45.3W

December 21st, 2011 Category: Mountains

Brazil - December 19th, 2011

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image stretches along the coast of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, from the city of Santos (left edge) to the archipelago of Ilhabela (Portuguese for Beautiful Island, near the right edge).

Ilhabela is an archipelago and city situated 4 miles off the coast of São Paulo state, in Brazil. The island is 205 km from the city of São Paulo and 340 km from the city of Rio de Janeiro. The largest island, although commonly called Ilhabela, is officially named Ilha de São Sebastião (St. Sebastian Island). The islands in total cover 348 km2.

The city of Santos is divided into two distinct geographic areas: the islands and the continental area. Santos partially lies on the island of São Vicente (Saint Vincent). It includes a flat area – Plain Coastal extension of the State of São Paulo – which has altitudes that rarely go above twenty meters above sea level, and an area composed of isolated hills called the Mass of São Vicente, whose height does not exceed 200 meters above sea level. Many ships can be seen in the waters approaching the city.

 

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