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Greater Caucasus Mountains and Mingechevir Reservoir in Azerbaijan – July 16th, 2010

40.7N 47.0E

July 16th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Mountains, Rivers

Azerbaijan - July 5th, 2010

Azerbaijan - July 5th, 2010

This orthorectified image shows part of Azerbaijan, from the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range to the north to the extensive flatlands at the country’s center. Approximately 40% of the country is covered by mountains.

South of the mountains, extending southeastward from the left edge, is the Mingechevir reservoir and hydroelectric power station. The length of the reservoir is 70 km, width from 3 to 18 km, deepest point about 75 meters and total area 605 km².

The city of Mingechevir is visible on the southern coast of the lake. It is split in two by the Kur River, a long, meandering stretch of which is visible in the lower part of the full image. The river has a length of 1,515 km.

Greater Caucasus Range Between Russia and Georgia – May 27th, 2010

42.9N 40.7E

May 27th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Russia and Georgia - April 28th, 2010

Russia and Georgia - April 28th, 2010

The Caucasus is a mountainous region, between the Black Sea (visible in the lower part of the image) and Caspian Sea. Occupying roughly 170,000 sq mi (440,000 sq km), it is divided among Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia and forms part of the traditional dividing line between Europe and Asia.

It is bisected by the Caucasus Mountains; the area north of the Greater Caucasus range is called Ciscaucasia and the region to the south Transcaucasia. Here, part of the Greater Caucasus Range by the border of Russia (above) and Georgia (below) can be observed.

The Greater Caucasus is a major range of the Caucasus Mountains, extending west-east for about 750 miles (1,200 km) from the Taman Peninsula on the Black Sea to the Abşeron Peninsula on the Caspian Sea.

Greater Caucasus Mountains Near Russia-Georgia Border

43.4N 43.6E

October 30th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Russia - September 6th, 2009

Russia - September 6th, 2009

The Caucasus Mountains is a mountain system in Eurasia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea in the Caucasus region. It is made up of two separate mountain systems: the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, which run parallel to the greater range at a distance averaging about 100 km (60 mi) south.

In this orthorectified image, some of the slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range in southern Russia, just north of the border with Georgia, can be seen. The Russian terrain here is part of the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, west, and the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, east.

Located in the Kabardino-Balkar Republic is the highest peak in the Caucasus ranges: Mount Elbrus. This volcanic mountain rises to a height of 18,506 feet (5,642 meters) above sea level. The highest peak in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, on the other hand, is Mount Dzhimara at 4,780 m.

Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and Tbilisi, Georgia

41.7N 44.7E

May 26th, 2009 Category: Rivers

Georgia - May 21st, 2009

Georgia - May 21st, 2009

Georgia is in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, straddling Western Asia and Eastern Europe.

Mountains are the dominant geographic feature of Georgia. The most important range is the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range (above), which separates Georgia from Russia, with its highest peaks rising more than 5,000 meters (16,400 ft) above sea level.

This ASAR image has been orthrectified, removing geometric distortion. This gives a more precise view of the geographic features, particularly the mountains.

Running through the center of the image is the Mt’k’vari (Kura) River. Georgia’s capital and largest city, Tbilisi (lower right), lies on its banks.

Georgia, Between the Greater Caucasus Mountains and Pontic Mountains

January 20th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Georgia, Between the Greater Caucasus Mountains and Pontic Mountains - December 2nd, 2008

Georgia, Between the Greater Caucasus Mountains and Pontic Mountains - December 2nd, 2008

Snow caps the the southern side of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range (above) and the peaks of the Pontic Mountains (below).  They are separated by the Black Sea and a green valley, including the Kolkhida Lowlands by the shore.

Many rivers can be seen flowing down the mountainside; most are tan in color due to sediments, while one, just north of the Kolkhida Lowlands, is a striking turquoise green.

Part of these ranges is within the borders of the country of Georgia, which also occupies the lowlands between them.

The Caucasus Mountains are in Eurasia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. They are comprised of two separate mountain systems: the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and the Lesser Caucasus Mountains.

The Greater Caucasus Range extends from the Caucasian Natural Reserve in the vicinity of Sochi on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea, generally trending east-southeast and reaching nearly to Baku on the Caspian Sea, while the Lesser Caucasus runs parallel to the greater range, at a distance averaging about 100 km (60 mi) south.

The Greater and Lesser Caucasus ranges are connected by the Likhi Range, which separates the Kolkhida Lowlands (close to the shore) from the Kura Depression (Kura Lowland, far right).

The highest peak in the Caucasus range is Mount Elbrus in the Greater Caucasus, which rises to a height of 18,506 feet (5,642 meters) above sea level.

The Pontic Mountains, on the other hand, are a range of mountains in northern Turkey, whose eastern end extends into southeastern Georgia. The range runs roughly east-west, parallel and close to the southern coast of the Black Sea. The highest peak in the range is Kaçkar Dağı, which rises to 3942 meters elevation (12,933 feet).

The part of the mountains that is not snow capped appears dark green, as they are generally covered by dense forests, predominantly of conifers.

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