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Greater and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in Georgia by Black Sea – June 25th, 2012

42.2N 43.0E

June 25th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Black Sea - December 26th, 2011

Visible near the shores of the Black Sea in this wide-swath ASAR image of the country of Georgia are two large ridges of mountains: the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range (above) forms the northern border of Georgia, while the southern portion of the country is bounded by the Lesser Caucasus Mountains (below). The Greater Caucasus Mountain Range is much higher in elevation than the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, with the highest peaks rising more than 5,000 meters (16,404 ft) above sea level.

Caucasus Mountains and Lakes Van, Urmia and Sevan in Eurasia – August 25th, 2011

41.5N 44.8E

August 25th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Mountains

Caspian Sea - July 26th, 2011

The Caucasus Mountains stretch between the Black Sea (left) and the Caspian Sea (right) in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. The Caucasus Mountains include the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and
the Lesser Caucasus Mountains.

The Greater Caucasus Range extends from the Caucasian Natural Reserve in the vicinity of Sochi on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea, generally trending east-southeast and reaching nearly to Baku on the Caspian Sea, while the Lesser Caucasus runs parallel to the greater range, at a distance averaging about 100 km (62 mi) south.

Visible to the south of the mountains are three lakes arranged in a triangle: Lake Van, in Turkey (left), the reddish Lake Urmia, in Iran (right), and Lake Sevan, in Armenia. Each is the largest lake in its respective country.

The Black Sea, from the Danube Delta in the West to the Caucasus Mountains in the East – June 15th, 2011

43.7N 33.8E

June 15th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Mountains

Black Sea - May 18th, 2011

The Black Sea occupies the majority of this image. It has an area of 436,400 km2 (168,500 sq mi), not including the Sea of Azov (the body of water northeast of the Crimean Peninsula that is lined with sediments and connected to the Black Sea by the Strait of Kerch).

The Black Sea forms in an east-west trending elliptical depression which lies between Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey, and Ukraine. The longest east-west extent is about 1,175 km.

It is constrained by the Pontic Mountains to the south, the Caucasus Mountains (capped with snow by the right edge) to the east and features a wide shelf to the northwest. Visible on the western shores is the delta of the Danube River.


Caucasus Mountains to Crimean Peninsula: a Look at the Land North of the Black Sea

45.3N 36.6E

August 20th, 2010 Category: Rivers

Black Sea - July 17th, 2010

The peaks of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range are white with snow, while their lower slopes appear dark green. Following the range to its western extreme, the Black Sea can be observed.

By continuing along the sea’s coastline in a westwardly direction, one comes to the Strait of Kerch, which connects the Black Sea  (below) and the Sea of Azov (above), separating the Kerch Peninsula (left) from the Taman Peninsula (right).

Some green sediments can be seen in the Sea of Azov, many of which come from the Don River. The rivermouth can be observed at the northeastern extremity of the sea,  an area known as Taganrog Bay.

On the west side of the Strait of Kerch lies the Crimean Peninsula. It is connected to mainland Ukraine by the Isthmus of Perekop. Several green and tan bodies of water can be seen across the isthmus in the full image; these are the salty, marshy inlets of the Sivash Sea.

Greater Caucasus Mountains and Mingechevir Reservoir in Azerbaijan – July 16th, 2010

40.7N 47.0E

July 16th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Mountains, Rivers

Azerbaijan - July 5th, 2010

Azerbaijan - July 5th, 2010

This orthorectified image shows part of Azerbaijan, from the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range to the north to the extensive flatlands at the country’s center. Approximately 40% of the country is covered by mountains.

South of the mountains, extending southeastward from the left edge, is the Mingechevir reservoir and hydroelectric power station. The length of the reservoir is 70 km, width from 3 to 18 km, deepest point about 75 meters and total area 605 km².

The city of Mingechevir is visible on the southern coast of the lake. It is split in two by the Kur River, a long, meandering stretch of which is visible in the lower part of the full image. The river has a length of 1,515 km.