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Juruá River Running Through Amazon Rainforest, Brazil

7.6S 72.6W

April 25th, 2013 Category: Rivers

Brazil – April 25th, 2013

Some populated areas can be seen near the banks of rivers running through the Amazon Rainforest in the Brazilian states of Acre (below) and Amazonas (above). Near the left edge in the upper left quadrant is the municipality of Cruzeiro do Sul, on the banks of the Juruá River.

The Juruá is a southern affluent river of the Amazon River west of the Purus River, sharing with this the bottom of the immense inland Amazon depression, and having all the characteristics of the Purus as regards curvature, sluggishness and general features of the low, half-flooded forest country it traverses. It rises among the Ucayali highlands, and is navigable and unobstructed for a distance of 1133 miles (1823 km) above its junction with the Amazon. It has a total length of approximately 1500 miles (2414 km), and is one of the longest tributaries of the Amazon.

Negro and Amazon Rivers Flowing Across Amazon Rainforest, Brazil

2.8S 62.2W

March 29th, 2013 Category: Rivers

Brazil – March 26th, 2013

Flowing across the upper portion of this image of the Amazon Rainforest is the Rio Negro, a river with dark, almost black-coloured, water (although part of the river to the east appears light here due to sun glint), while the sandy-coloured Amazon River, or Rio Solimões, flows across the lower part of the image. The two rivers converge near Manaus (not visible here), where for 6 km (3.7 mi) their waters run side by side without mixing, due to differences in temperature, speed and water density.

Vegetation Index of Amazon Rainforest, Brazil

4.2S 66.7W

March 27th, 2013 Category: Climate Change, Vegetation Index

Brazil – March 26th, 2013

This image shows the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) of the Amazon Rainforest, mostly in the Brazilian state of Amazonas. Dark green areas indicate a high index, while yellow and brown areas indicate a low index. Scientists have reported that climate change is leading to substitution of rainforest with savanna-like and semiarid vegetation, a phenomenon known as the Amazon forests’ “dieback”, particularly around the edges of the forest. Monitoring the NDVI in images such as this one allows researchers to see how fast and how much rainforest is being replaced with drier vegetation.

Sun Glint on Rivers Crossing Amazon Rainforest, Brazil

2.4S 66.5W

March 26th, 2013 Category: Rivers

Brazil – March 26th, 2013

The Amazon River and several of its tributaries can be seen flowing across this image, amidst the green vegetation of the Amazon Rainforest in the Brazilian state of Amazonas. The rivers appear silver in color due to sun glint. Despite the lush green of the vegetation visible here, the Amazon Biome is threatened by climate change and deforestation, resulting in the substitution of forests with savanna-like and semiarid vegetation in many areas.

Rivers Running Through the Amazon Rainforest, Brazil

3.1S 60W

September 29th, 2012 Category: Deforestation, Fires, Rivers

Brazil – September 1st, 2012

Rivers winding their way through Brazil’s Amazon Rainforest appear as tan lines due to the sediments they carry. Visible in the upper part of the image is the Amazon River, the world’s largest river by waterflow. The city of Manaus can be seen near the confluence of the Negro and Solimões (Amazon) Rivers.

Visible cutting diagonally across the lower part of the image is the Madeira River, the Amazon’s biggest tributary, with a length of about 3,250 km (2,020 mi). Some haze can be seen in the lower right quadrant, mostly south of the river. This is caused by smoke from fires, one of which is visible in the full image. As the fire is located near an area of deforestation, it may have been set in order to clear land for grazing, planting crops or human habitation.

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