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Archive for Earth Observation

New FAPAR/MGVI Raw Data Processor for Monitoring Vegetation Cover

October 2nd, 2009 Category: Climate Change, Earth Observation, Image of the day, Mosaics

FAPAR Index - Source and Processed products

FAPAR Index - Source and Processed products

FAPAR - Source Product

FAPAR - Source Product

FAPAR - Processed Product

FAPAR - Processed Product

Envisat’s Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) acquires multi-spectral imagery of the Earth, and is used to monitor the state and evolution of the terrestrial vegetation cover.

In particular, the MERIS Global Vegetation Index (MGVI), which corresponds to the Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FAPAR), is generated operationally as a standard level-2 product, using the radiation measured by MERIS over land surfaces.

This bio-geophysical product plays a critical role in the plant photosynthetic process and is regularly used in diagnostic and predictive models to compute the primary productivity of the vegetation canopies.

FAPAR has been established as a fundamental surface parameter by international organizations including the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), charged with providing data on the Earth’s climate system.

Chelys has developed a new processor that is able to process and directly extract the FAPAR index from raw data (level-0) at a reduced or full resolution (but also from level-1), generating the relative false-colored image just a few seconds after the original data is ingested.

In the next few weeks, a processor that will systematically generate these vegetation index images will be incorporated in the SRRS (Satellite Rapid Response System). As soon as enough images have been collected, it will be possible to generate mosaics as well.

ASAR Image Orthorectification

April 3rd, 2009 Category: Earth Observation

Figure 1 - 3D Model

Figure 1 - 3D Model

These images of Reunion Island provide a clear example of the improvements made through the use of the orthorectification technique.
The original product has been processed, orthorectified and projected using the Chelys SRRS (Satellite Rapid Response System). The orthorectification process is now fully automatic and transparent. The Digital Elevation Model used is the Nasa SRTM v4 (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission).

The proper DEM is selected according to the image resolution: from 15 arcseconds up to 1 arcsecond (only available for USA). The performance of the system are kept in real-time. The entire correction process takes less than 20 seconds per product.

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Meris Full Resolution Mosaics of Europe

March 4th, 2009 Category: Earth Observation, Mosaics

Two weeks ago, we published a Meris FR Mosaic of Italy. The large number of interested users has led us to publish the entire Mosaic of Central/Eastern Europe. Starting today and over the next few weeks we will update the Mosaic section and the present post as soon as a new country is inserted.

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