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The Weser River Between the Elbe and the Jade Estuary, Germany

53.0N 8.8E

November 15th, 2009 Category: Rivers

Germany - October 22nd, 2009

Germany - October 22nd, 2009

Flowing upwards from the bottom right, the Weser River empties into the North Sea off the coast of Germany. To its right is another rivermouth, that of the Elbe, and to its left is the Jade Estuary, a bay known as Jadebusen in German.

About 180 km² (70 mi²) in area, the Jade was largely created by storm floods during the twelfth and sixteenth centuries. During this period it was connected in the East to the river Weser. This connection was closed between 1721 and 1725 by dikes reconnecting Butjadingen to the mainland as a peninsula.

The 452 km long Weser River passes by the historic port city of Bremen before emptying into the North Sea 50 km further north at Bremerhaven, which is also a seaport. On the opposite (west) bank is the town of Nordenham at the foot of the Butjadingen Peninsula. It is the longest German river whose course lies entirely in German territory to reach the sea.

The Skagerrak Between Norway, Sweden and Denmark

58.2N 9.8E

November 14th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Sweden and Denmark - September 29th, 2009

Sweden and Denmark - September 29th, 2009

The Skagerrak (left) is a strait running between Norway (left edge), the southwest coast of Sweden (above) and the Jutland peninsula of Denmark (below), connecting the North Sea and the Kattegat Sea area (below center), which leads to the Baltic Sea (right).

The Skagerrak is roughly triangular in shape, measuring 240 kilometers (149 mi) in length, and between 80 km (50 mi) and 140 km (87 mi) in width. It deepens toward the Norwegian coast, reaching over 700 metres at the Norwegian Trench.

The Skagerrak has a salinity of 30 practical salinity units. The volume available to biomass is about 3,600 square kilometers (1,390.0 sq mi), including a wide variety of habitats from the sandbanks to Sweden and Denmark to the deeps of the Norwegian trench.

Here, other than some sediments hugging the northwest coast of Denmark, the shores of the Skagerrak are mostly clear.

The Cities of Venice and Mestre, South of the Piave River in Northern Italy

45.4N 12.3E

November 11th, 2009 Category: Rivers

Italy - October 7th, 2009

Italy - October 7th, 2009

The city of Venice, capital of the Veneto Region is northern Italy, appears as a fish-shaped white island in the Venetian Lagoon along the Adriatic Sea. The city actually stretches across 118 small islands in the marshy lagoon.Visible on the Italian mainland across from the island is the city of Mestre.

The saltwater lagoon itself stretches along the shoreline between the mouths of the Po and the Piave Rivers. Here, the Piave can be seen flowing towards the Adriatic north of the lagoon. It begins in the Alps and flows southeast for 220 km (135 miles) into the sea.

The Active Delta of the River Po in Italy, South of Chioggia

45.2N 12.2E

November 5th, 2009 Category: Rivers

Italy - October 7th, 2009

Italy - October 7th, 2009

The River Po flows eastward across northern Italy to the Adriatic Sea. Here, its delta can be seen along the shores of the sea. Along the coast, northwest of the delta, is the coastal town of Chioggia in the Veneto Region, situated on a small island at the southern entrance to the Lagoon of Venice. It appears here as a white area at the top center.

The most recent part of the Po Delta projects into the Adriatic between Chioggia and Comacchio. It contains channels that actually connect to the Adriatic and on that account is called the active delta by the park authorities, as opposed to the fossil delta, which contains channels that used to but no longer connect the Po to the Adriatic.

The active delta was created in 1604 when the city of Venice diverted the main stream, the Po grande or Po di Venezia, from its channel north of Porto Viro to the south of Porto Viro in a channel then called the Taglio di Porto Viro, or “Porto Viro cut-off.”

Berlin, Germany’s Capital City

52.5N 13.4E

November 4th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Berlin, Germany - September 24th, 2009

Berlin, Germany - September 24th, 2009

Berlin, right, is the capital city of Germany and the country’s largest city, with a population of 3.4 million within its city limits. It is the second most populous city and the eighth most populous urban area in the European Union.

Berlin is located in eastern Germany, about 70 kilometers (44 miles) west of the border with Poland in an area with marshy terrain. Around one third of the city’s territory is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers and lakes. Substantial parts of the city extend onto the low plateaus on both sides of the Spree Valley.

Geographically embedded in the European Plains, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Summers are warm with average high temperatures of 22–25°C (mid 70s F) and lows of 12–14°C (mid 50s F). Winters are cold with average high temperatures of 4°C (upper 30s F) and lows of −2 to 0°C (upper 20s and low 30s F).